Grenoble's history encompasses a period of more than 2,000 years, and the city has been the capital of the Dauphiné since the 11th century. Grenoble experienced a period of economic expansion in the nineteenth and 20th centuries, which is symbolized by the holding of the X Olympic Winter Games in 1968. The city is now a significant scientific center in Europe.
The population of the city of Grenoble at the 2006 census was 156,107 inhabitants. The population of the Grenoble urban unit at the 2006 census was 427,659 inhabitants. The population of the Grenoble metropolitan area at the 2006 census was 531,440 inhabitants.
The Bastille is the name of a fortress culminating at 476 m (1,561ft) above sea level, at the south end of the Chartreuse mountain range, overlooking the city of Grenoble, France. The Bastille, which also gives its name to the hill, is the main tourist site of the Grenoble area with 600 000 visitors per year.